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tamoadmin 2024-06-11 人已围观

简介1.2017年高考英语备考:关系代词副词的区别2.2017高考英语动词不定式专项知识点3.高考领航2017英语答案大全4.英语2017高考调研答案地点副词 具体如下: 地点副词指表示地点的副词和表示位置关系的副词统称为地点副词.常见的这类副词有: 表示地点的: here,there,home,upstairs,downstairs,anywhere,everywhere,nowhere,somew















 Come in,please.(副词)

 They live in the next room.(介词)

 Let's take along.(副词)

 Let's walk along this street.(介词)

 She looked around.(副词)

 They sat around the table.(介词)

 Let's go on with the work...(副词)

 What subject will you speak on?(介词)


 地点副词常放在动词后面,如果是及物动词,一般就放在宾语后面.如:I remember having seen him somewhere.

 Wuxia films are popular in China.


 We had a meeting here yesterday.

 He did the work carefully here yesterday.


 He was born in 1940 in a small village at the foot of Mount Tai.



 They are inside.他们在里面.

 How long will she be away?她要离开多久?

 When will you be back?你什么时候回来?

 You haven't been around much.你很少到这边来.

 He'll be round in an hour.他一个小时内就到.

 Now autumn is in.秋天来了.

 I must be off now.我得走了.

 We are behind in our plan.我们落在计划后面了.



例如"That he finished writing the composition in such a short time surprised us all",他在很短的时间内写完作文让我们都很惊讶,此复合句主要描述的是某事让我们惊讶,某事就是该复合句的主语,因此“That he finished writing the composition in such a short time”便是该复合句的主语从句。




It 作形式主语和it引导强调句的比较

主语从句常用it作形式主语,一般常用句型为:It is+{名词/形容词/过去分词}+主语从句例如:

It is still a question whether she will come or not.


一、 关系代词和关系副词的区别

1、关系代词(that, who, whom, whose, which)所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分。

例1. Is he the man who/that wants to see you?(who / that在从句中作主语,指人)

例2. He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday.(whom / that在从句中作宾语,指人)

例3. They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down.(whose在句中作定语,指人)

例4. Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green.(whose在句中作定语,指物。若指物,它还可以同of which互换)

例5. The package (which / that) you are carrying is about to come unwrapped. 你拿的包快散了。(which / that在句中作carry的宾语,指物)

2、关系副词(when, where, why, that)可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词,在从句中作状语。关系副词when, where, why的含义相当于"介词+ which"结构,因此常常和"介词+ which"结构交替使用。

例6. Beijing is the place where (in which) I was born.

例7. Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer?

例8. His father died the year (that / when / in which) he was born.

例9. He can’t find the place (that / where / in which) he lived forty years ago.

二、 判断用关系代词和关系副词

方法1: 用关系代词,还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面无宾语,就必须要求用关系代词;而不及物动词则要求用关系副词。请改错:

1. This is the mountain village where I visited last year.

2. I will never forget the days when I spent in the countryside.

习惯上总把表地点或时间的名词与关系副词 where, when联系在一起。此两题错在关系词的误用上。句1和句2的where, when都应改为which.。

方法2: 准确判断先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状),根据第一点(区别),也能正确选择出关系代词/关系副词。

例10.This museum is ___ you visited a few days age?

A. where B. that  C. on which  D. the one

例11. This is the museum ____ the exhibition was held.

A. where  B. that  C. on which  D. the one (答案:例1 D,例2 A)

在例10中,所缺部分为宾语,而where, that, on which都不能起到宾语的作用,只有the one既做了主句的表语,又可做从句的宾语,可以省略关系代词,所以应选D。

而例11中, 主、谓、宾俱全,从句部分为句子的状语表地点,既可用副词where,又因 in the museum词组,可用介词in + which 引导地点状语。而此题中,介词on 用的不对,所以选A。

关系词的选择依据在从句中所做的成分,先行词在从句中做主、定、宾语时,选择关系代词 (who, whom, that, which, whose); 先行词在从句中做状语时,应选择关系副词 ( where 地点状语,when 时间状语,why 原因状语)。

方法3:当先行词是all, everything, anything, nothing,the one, much, few, any, little等,或先行词是形容词级时,或在there be 句型中,或当先行行词既有人又有物时,关系代词用that, 而不用which。

例12. Finally, the thief handed everything that he had stolen to the police.

例13. The soldiers and their guns that we sent to the front were lost.


例14.(错) The tree, that (改为which)is four hundred years old, is very famous here.

例15.We depend on the land from which we get our food.


1 不定式作宾语

 1) 动词+ 不定式

 afford, aim, appear, agree, arrange, ask, be, decide, bother, care, choose, come, dare, demand, desire, determine, expect, elect, endeavor, hope, fail, happen, help, hesitate, learn, long, mean, manage, offer, ought, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, tend, wait, wish, undertake

 The driver failed to see the other car in time. 司机没能及时看见另一辆车。

 I happen to know the answer to your question. 我碰巧知道你那道问题的答案。

 2) 动词+不定式;动词+宾语+不定式

 ask, beg, choose, expect, hate, help intend like, love, need prefer, prepare, promise, want, wish

 I like to keep everything tidy. 我喜欢每件东西都保持整洁。

 I like you to keep everything tidy. 我喜欢你使每件东西都保持整洁。

 I want to speak to Tom. 我想和汤姆谈话。

 I want you to speak to Tom. 我想让你和汤姆谈话。

 3) 动词+疑问词+ to

 decide, know, consider forget, learn, remember, show, understand, see, wonder, hear, find out, explain, tell

 Please show us how to do that. 请演示给我们如何去做。

 There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can't make up my mind which to buy.有这么多的录音机,我都拿不定主意买哪一种。


 疑问词带不定式在句中作成分时,谓语动词用单数。如:The question is how to put it into practice. 问题是怎样把它付诸实施。

 2. 不定式作补语

 1) 动词+宾语+不定式(to do)

 advise, allow, appoint, believe, cause, challenge, command, compel, consider, declare, drive, enable, encourage, find, forbid, force, guess, hire, imagine, impel, induce, inform, instruct, invite, judge, know, like, order, permit, persuade, remind, report, request, require, select, send, state, suppose, tell, think, train, trust, understand, urge, warn

 a.Father will not allow us to play on the street. 父亲不让我们在街上玩耍。

 b.We believe him to be guilty. 我们相信他是有罪的。

 Find 的特殊用法

 Find 后可用分词做宾补,或先加形式宾语,再加形容词,最后加带to 的动词不定式。find后也可带一个从句。此类动词还有get,have。

 I found him lying on the ground.

 I found it important to learn.

 I found that to learn English is important.


 The next morning she found the man ___ in bed,dead.

 A. lying B. lie C. lay D. laying


 2) to + be 的不定式结构,作补语的动词。

 acknowledge, believe, consider, think, declare(声称), discover, fancy(设想), feel, find, guess, judge, imagine, know, prove, see(理解), show, suppose, take(以为), understand

 We consider Tom to be one of the best students in our class. 我们认为汤姆是班上的学生之一。


 Charles Babbage is generally considered ___ the first computer.

 A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented

 答案:A. 由consider to do sth. 排除B、D。. 此句只说明发明这一个事实,不定式后用原形即可。而C为现在完成时,发明为点动词一般不用完成时,且此处也不强调对现在的影响,因此不选C。

 3) to be +形容词

 seem, appear, be said, be supposed, be believed, be thought, be known, be reported, hope, wish, desire, want, plan, expect, mean

 The book is believed to be uninteresting. 人们认为这本书没什么意思。

 4) there be+不定式

 believe, expect, intend, like, love, mean, prefer, want, wish, undrstand

 We didn't expect there to be so many people there. 我们没料到会有那么多人在哪里。 注意

 有些动词需用as 短语做补语,如regard, think believe, take, consider.

 We regard Tom as our best teacher. 我们认为汤姆是我们的老师。

 Mary took him as her father . 玛丽把他当作自己的父亲。

 3. 不定式作主语

 1) It's easy (for me) to do that. 我做这事太容易了。

 easy, difficult, hard, important, possible, impossible, comfortable, necessary, better; the first, the next, the last, the best, too much, too little, not enough

 It's so nice to hear your voice. 听到你的声音真高兴。

 It's necessary for you to lock the car when you do not use it. 当你不用车的时候,锁车是有必要的。

 2) It's very kind of you to help us. 他帮助我们,他真好。

 kind, nice, stupid, rude, clever, foolish, thoughtful, thoughtless, brave, considerate(考虑周到的), silly, selfish(自私的)

 It was silly of us to believe him. 我们真愚蠢,竟然相信了他。

 It seemed selfish of him not to give them anything. 他不给他们任何东西,这显得太自私了。 注意

 1) 其他系动词如,look,appear等也可用于此句型

 2) 不定式作为句子成分时,动词用单数形式。

 3) 当不定式作主语的句子中又有一个不定式作表语时,不能用It is? to?的句型

 (对)To see is to believe. 百闻不如一见。(错)It is to believe to see.

 It's for sb.和 It's of sb.

 1) for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible等:

 It's very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。

 2) of sb的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,如good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。

 It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。

 for 与of 的辨别方法

 用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如:You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)

 4. 不定式作表语


 My work is to clean the room every day.

 His dream is to be a doctor.

 5. 不定式作定语


 I have a lot of work to do.

 So he made some candles to give light.

 6. 不定式作状语

 1) 目的状语

 To? only to (仅仅为了), in order to, so as to, so(such)? as to? (如此?以便?) He ran so fast as to catch the first bus. 他飞快地跑以便赶上第一班车。

 I come here only to say good-bye to you. 我来仅仅是向你告别。

 2) 作结果状语,表事先没有预料到的,要放在句子后面。

 What have I said to make you angry.

 He searched the room only to find nothing.

 3) 表原因

 I'm glad to see you.


 The chair looks rather hard, but in fact it is very comfortable to ___.

 A. sit B. sit on C. be seat D. be sat on

 答案:B. 如果不定式为不及物动词,其后应有必要的介词。当动词与介词连用时,常位于"形容词+动词不定式"结构的末尾。


 to 有两种用法:一为不定式+动词原形; 一为介词+名词/动名词, to 在下面的用法中是第二种,即to+ 名词/动名词:admit to承认,confess to承认,be accustomed to 习惯于,be used to 习惯于,stick to 坚持,turn to开始,着手于,devote oneself to 献身于,be devoted to 致力于, look forward to 盼望,pay attention to


 省to 的动词不定式

 1) 情态动词 ( 除ought 外,ought to):

 2) 使役动词 let, have, make:

 3) 感官动词 see, watch, look at, notice , observe, hear, listen to, smell, feel, find 等后作宾补,省略to。


 在被动语态中则to 不能省掉。

 I saw him dance. =He was seen to dance.

 The boss made them work the whole night.=They were made to work the whole night.

 4) would rather,had better:

 5) Why? / why not?:

 6) help 可带to,也可不带to, help sb (to) do sth:

 7) but和except:but前是动词do时,后面出现的动词用不带to的动词不定式。

 8) 由and, or和than连接的两个不定式,第二个to 可以省去:

 9) 通常在discover, imagine, suppose, think, understand等词后,可以省去to be:He is supposed (to be) nice. 他应该是个好人。举例:He wants to move to France and marry the girl. He wants to do nothing but go out. 比较:He wants to do nothing but go out. He wants to believe anything but to take the medicine.


 1) ---- I usually go there by train.

 ---- Why not ___ by boat for a change?

 A. to try going B. trying to go C. to try and go D. try going

 答案:D. why not 后面接不带to 的不定式,因此选D。

 2) Paul doesn't have to be made ___. He always works hard.

 A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning

 答案:B. make后接不带to 的动词不定式,当其用于被动时,to 不可省略。


 Tell him not to shut the window?

 She pretended not to see me when I passed by. 我走过的时候,她假装没看见。


 1) Tell him ___ the window.

 A. to shut not B. not to shut C. to not shut D. not shut

 答案:B。 tell sb to do sth 的否定形式为tell sb not to do sth.

 2) She pretended ___ me when I passed by.

 A. not to see B. not seeing C. to not see D. having not seen

 答案:A。 pretend 后应接不定式。其否定形式为pretend not to do sth.。

 3) Mrs. Smith warned her daughter ___ after drinking.

 A. never to drive B. to never driver C. never driving D. never drive

 答案:A。warn sb to do sth. 的否定形式为warn sb not to do sth. 此处用的是否定词never.

 4) The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street,but his mother told him ____.

 A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to

 答案:A。not to 为not to do it 的省略形式。可以只用to这个词,而不必重复整个不定式词组。及物动词do后应有名词、代词等,否则不对,因此B,D不对。

 5) The patient was warned ___ oily food after the operation.

 A. to eat no B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eating

 答案:C。warn一词要求后用不定式,此处为不定式的被动,否定形式为be warned not to do。 不定式的特殊句型too?to?

 1) too?to 太?以至于?

 He is too excited to speak. 他太激动了,说不出话来。

 ---- Can I help you ? 需要我帮忙吗?

 ---- Well, I'm afraid the box is too heavy for you to carry it, but thank you all the same. 不用了。这箱子太重,恐怕你搬不动。谢谢您。

 2) 如在too前有否定词,则整个句子用否定词表达肯定, too 后那个词表达一种委婉含义,意 为"不太"。

 It's never too late to mend. (谚语) 改过不嫌晚。

 3) 当too 前面有only, all, but时,意思是:非常? 等于very。

 I'm only too pleased to be able to help you. 我非常高兴能帮助你。

 He was but too eager to get home. 他非常想回家。

 不定式的特殊句型so as to

 1) 表示目的;它的否定式是so as not to do。

 Tom kept quiet about the accident so as not to lose his job. 汤姆对事故保持沉默是为了不丢掉他的工作。

 Go in quietly so as not to wake the baby. 轻点进去,别惊醒了婴儿。

 2) so kind as to ---劳驾

 Would you be so kind as to tell me the time? 劳驾,现在几点了。

 不定式的特殊句型Why not

 "Why not +动词原形"表达向某人提出建议,翻译为:"为什么不" "干吗不"

 例如:Why not take a holiday? 干吗不去度假?


一、。 1.A 2.C 3.A 4. B 5. D

二、 1. Have you ever swum 2. he hasn’t visited 3. hasn’t won any prizes 4. I’ve alwayswanted to help you 5. has already invite us to travel 三、 1. It’s over 550metres. 2. To take in thebreath-taking view. 3. By rotating once every 72 minutes. 4. Three. / 3. 5. Some information about the CN Tower.

四、。 1.D 2.B 3.D 4.A 5.B 6.B 7.D 8.A 9.B 10.B


Dear Tony, How are you? I’m having a wonderful timein Beijing now. I have done many interesting things here. I have been to manyplaces of interest. I have visited the Tian’anmen Square, the Palace Museumand the Great Wall. I have taken many nice photos of these famous places. I’llsend some to you with this email. I have also enjoyed different kinds ofChinese food. I’ve tried dumplings, noodles and roast duck. They are all verydelicious. I think Beijing is one of the biggest and busiestcities in the world. There’s a lot to see and do here. I hope we can visit Beijing together nexttime. Yours, Tom

Ⅰ. 1. tutor 2. original 3. upset 4. argued 5. pushy

6. enough 7. style 8. matter 9. compare 10. complained

Ⅱ. 11. surprises 12. except 13. fail 14. pressure 15. compare 16. don’t have enough money 17. what should I do/what to do next 18. ask your teacher for help 19. argue with each other for money 20. from a young age

Ⅲ. 21. more 22. sandwiches 23. was invited 24. interested 25. dancing 26. different 27. friend’s 28. to buy 29. really 30. carefully

Ⅳ. 31. D 32. A 33. C 34. A 35. D 36. A 37. A 38. B

39. C 40. D 41. B 42. A 43. A 44. A 45. C

Ⅴ. 46. do you 47. doesn’t need any 48. the same age as 49. should not , either 50. what to do

Ⅵ. 51-55 C B A D B 56-60 B A D A D

Ⅶ A. 61-65 A A D A C B.66 friends 67informtion 68quickly 69eyes 70correctly

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